Iconicity measures across tasks

Discriminability of iconicity measures from different tasks. Iconicity ratings have been transformed so that they vary between 0 and 1 (to compare with guessing accuracies). Guesses —where people try to guess the meaning of an iconic word, or the word form belonging to a given meaning— appear to be somewhat more evenly spread than ratings. Iconicity ratings by native speakers (rightmost, showing data from Thompson et al. 2020) are on average higher than iconicity ratings by people who don’t speak the language whose words they rate, confirming the notion that native speakers will generally feel that words of their own language are more iconic. (Figure by Bonnie McLean, open data here.)

McLean, B., Dunn, M., & Dingemanse, M. (2023). Two measures are better than one: combining iconicity ratings and guessing experiments for a more nuanced picture of iconicity in the lexicon. Language and Cognition, 15(4), 719–739. doi: 10.1017/langcog.2023.9 PDF